People and Society in Spain

Nationality
noun:
Spaniard(s)
adjective:
Spanish
Ethnic groups
composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
Languages
Castilian Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, and Basque 2%
Catalan is official in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and the Valencian Community (where it is known as Valencian); in the northwest corner of Catalonia (Vall d'Aran), Aranese is official along with Catalan; Galician is official in Galicia; Basque is official in the Basque Country
Religions
Roman Catholic 94%, other 6%
Population
47,042,984 (July 2012 est.)
rank:
27
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Age structure
0-14 years:
15.1% (male 3,646,614/female 3,435,311)
15-64 years:
67.7% (male 16,036,556/female 15,637,090)
65 years and over:
17.1% (male 3,389,681/female 4,609,532) (2011 est.)
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Median age
total:
40.9 years
male:
39.7 years
female:
42.2 years (2012 est.)
Population growth rate
0.654% (2012 est.)
rank:
142
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Birth rate
10.4 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
rank:
182
Death rate
8.88 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
rank:
71
Net migration rate
5.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
rank:
19
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Urbanization
urban population:
77% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization:
1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population
MADRID (capital) 5.762 million; Barcelona 5.029 million; Valencia 812,000 (2009)
Sex ratio
at birth:
1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years:
1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years:
1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over:
0.74 male(s)/female
total population:
0.97 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
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Maternal mortality rate
6 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
rank:
172
Infant mortality rate
total:
3.37 deaths/1,000 live births
rank:
213
male:
3.71 deaths/1,000 live births
female:
3.01 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population:
81.27 years
rank:
15
male:
78.26 years
female:
84.47 years (2012 est.)
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Total fertility rate
1.48 children born/woman (2012 est.)
rank:
189
Health expenditures
9.7% of GDP (2009)
rank:
34
Physicians density
3.705 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density
3.22 beds/1,000 population (2008)
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HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.4% (2009 est.)
rank:
77
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
130,000 (2009 est.)
rank:
35
HIV/AIDS - deaths
1,600 (2009 est.)
rank:
58
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
15.6% (2007)
rank:
34
Education expenditures
4.3% of GDP (2007)
rank:
94
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Literacy
definition:
age 15 and over can read and write
total population:
97.7%
male:
98.5%
female:
97% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total:
16 years
male:
16 years
female:
17 years (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:
37.9%
rank:
9
male:
39.1%
female:
36.4% (2009)
Data source 1: All Above textual data, maps and flags were extracted from The World Factbook which was prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency and made available on the following link: The World Factbook. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsered or affiliated, in any way, by the US Central Intelligence Agency
Data source 2: Plots and Charts are constructed using the world bank public data catalog which can be viewed by visiting the following link: World Bank Data Catalog. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsored or affiliated, in any way, by the worldbank

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