People and Society in Malaysia

Nationality
noun:
Malaysian(s)
adjective:
Malaysian
Ethnic groups
Malay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8% (2004 est.)
Languages
Bahasa Malaysia (official), English, Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai
in East Malaysia there are several indigenous languages; most widely spoken are Iban and Kadazan
Religions
Muslim (or Islam - official) 60.4%, Buddhist 19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 2.6%, other or unknown 1.5%, none 0.8% (2000 census)
Population
29,179,952 (July 2012 est.)
rank:
43
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Age structure
0-14 years:
29.6% (male 4,374,495/female 4,132,009)
15-64 years:
65.4% (male 9,539,972/female 9,253,574)
65 years and over:
5% (male 672,581/female 755,976) (2011 est.)
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Median age
total:
27.1 years
male:
26.9 years
female:
27.3 years (2012 est.)
Population growth rate
1.542% (2012 est.)
rank:
76
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Birth rate
20.74 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
rank:
82
Death rate
4.95 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
rank:
186
Net migration rate
-0.37 migrant(s)/1,000 population
rank:
134
does not reflect net flow of an unknown number of illegal immigrants from other countries in the region (2012 est.)
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Urbanization
urban population:
72% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization:
2.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population
KUALA LUMPUR (capital) 1.493 million; Klang 1.071 million; Johor Bahru 958,000 (2009)
Sex ratio
at birth:
1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years:
1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years:
1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over:
0.89 male(s)/female
total population:
1.03 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
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Maternal mortality rate
29 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
rank:
125
Infant mortality rate
total:
14.57 deaths/1,000 live births
rank:
119
male:
16.83 deaths/1,000 live births
female:
12.14 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population:
74.04 years
rank:
111
male:
71.28 years
female:
76.99 years (2012 est.)
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Total fertility rate
2.64 children born/woman (2012 est.)
rank:
77
Health expenditures
8% of GDP (2009)
rank:
58
Physicians density
0.941 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density
1.82 beds/1,000 population (2009)
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HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.5% (2009 est.)
rank:
68
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
100,000 (2009 est.)
rank:
41
HIV/AIDS - deaths
5,800 (2009 est.)
rank:
36
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk:
high
food or waterborne diseases:
bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases:
dengue fever and malaria
highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
16.3% (2006)
rank:
28
Education expenditures
4.1% of GDP (2008)
rank:
101
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Literacy
definition:
age 15 and over can read and write
total population:
88.7%
male:
92%
female:
85.4% (2000 census)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total:
13 years
male:
12 years
female:
13 years (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:
10.9%
rank:
99
male:
10.3%
female:
11.8% (2008)
Data source 1: All Above textual data, maps and flags were extracted from The World Factbook which was prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency and made available on the following link: The World Factbook. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsered or affiliated, in any way, by the US Central Intelligence Agency
Data source 2: Plots and Charts are constructed using the world bank public data catalog which can be viewed by visiting the following link: World Bank Data Catalog. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsored or affiliated, in any way, by the worldbank

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