Geographic and Governmental Profile of Macau

Background
Colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century, Macau was the first European settlement in the Far East. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and Portugal on 13 April 1987, Macau became the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China on 20 December 1999. In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's political and economic system would not be imposed on Macau, and that Macau would enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign affairs and defense for the next 50 years.
Location
Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China
Geographic coordinates
22 10 N, 113 33 E
Continent / Subcontinent
Southeast Asia
Area
total:
28.2 sq km
rank:
236
land:
28.2 sq km
water:
0 sq km
Area - comparative
less than one-sixth the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
total:
0.34 km
regional border:
China 0.34 km
Coastline
41 km
Maritime claims
not specified
Climate
subtropical; marine with cool winters, warm summers
Terrain
generally flat
Elevation extremes
lowest point:
South China Sea 0 m
highest point:
Coloane Alto 172 m
Natural resources
NEGL
Land use
arable land:
0%
permanent crops:
0%
other:
100% (2005)
Irrigated land
NA; note - included in the total for China
Natural hazards
typhoons
Environment - current issues
NA
Environment - international agreements
party to:
Marine Dumping (associate member), Ship Pollution (associate member)
Geography - note
essentially urban; an area of land reclaimed from the sea measuring 5.2 sq km and known as Cotai now connects the islands of Coloane and Taipa; the island area is connected to the mainland peninsula by three bridges
Country name
conventional long form:
Macau Special Administrative Region
conventional short form:
Macau
official long form:
Aomen Tebie Xingzhengqu (Chinese); Regiao Administrativa Especial de Macau (Portuguese)
official short form:
Aomen (Chinese); Macau (Portuguese)
Dependency status
special administrative region of the People's Republic of China
Government type
limited democracy
Administrative divisions
none (special administrative region of the People's Republic of China)
Independence
none (special administrative region of China)
Constitution
The Basic Law, approved 31 March 1993 by China's National People's Congress, is Macau's charter
Legal system
civil law system based on the Portuguese model
Suffrage
18 years of age in direct elections for some legislative positions, universal for permanent residents living in Macau for the past seven years; note - indirect elections are limited to organizations registered as "corporate voters" (973 were registered in the 2009 legislative elections) and a 300-member Election Committee for the Chief Executive (CE) drawn from broad regional groupings, municipal organizations, central government bodies, and elected Macau officials
Executive branch
chief of state:
President of China HU Jintao (since 15 March 2003)
head of government:
Chief Executive Fernando CHUI Sai-on (since 20 December 2009)
cabinet:
Executive Council consists of 1 government secretary, 3 legislators, 4 businessmen, 1 pro-Beijing unionist, and 1 pro-Beijing educator
elections:
chief executive chosen by a 300-member Election Committee for a five-year term (current chief executive is eligible for a second term); election last held on 26 July 2009 (next to be held in July 2014)
election results:
Fernando CHUI Sai-on elected in 2009 with 282 votes, took office on 20 December 2009
Legislative branch
unicameral Legislative Assembly (29 seats; 12 members elected by popular vote, 10 by indirect vote, and 7 appointed by the chief executive; members serve four-year terms)
elections:
last held on 20 September 2009 (next to be held in September 2013)
election results:
percent of vote - UPD 14.9%, ACUM 12%, APMD 11.6%, NUDM 9.9%, UPP 9.9%, ANMD 7.8%, UMG 7.3%, MUDAR 5.5%, others 21.1%; seats by political group - UPD 2, ACUM 2, APMD 2, NUMD 1, UPP 1, ANMD 1, UMG 1, MUDAR 1; 10 seats filled by professional and business groups; 7 members appointed by the chief executive
Judicial branch
Court of Final Appeal in Macau Special Administrative Region
Political parties and leaders
Alliance for Change or MUDAR; Macau Development Alliance or NUDM [Angela LEONG On-kei]; Macau-Guangdong Union or UNG; Macau United Citizens' Association or ACUM [CHAN Meng-kam]; New Macau Association or NMA [Jason CHAO]; New Hope or NE [Jose Maria Pereira COUTINHO]; Union for Promoting Progress or UPP [LEONG Heng-teng]
there is no political party ordinance, so there are no registered political parties; politically active groups register as societies or companies
Political pressure groups and leaders
Civic Power [Agnes LAM lok-fong]; Macau New Chinese Youth Association [LEONG Sin-man]; Macau Society of Tourism and Entertainment or STDM [Stanley HO]; Macau Worker's Union [HO Heng-kuok]; Union for Democracy Development [Antonio NG Kuok-cheong]
International organization participation
ICC, IHO, IMF, IMO (associate), Interpol (subbureau), ISO (correspondent), UNESCO (associate), UNWTO (associate), UPU, WCO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the US
none (special administrative region of China)
Diplomatic representation from the US
the US has no offices in Macau; US Consulate General in Hong Kong is accredited to Macau
Flag description
green with a lotus flower above a stylized bridge and water in white, beneath an arc of five gold, five-pointed stars: one large in the center of the arc and two smaller on either side; the lotus is the floral emblem of Macau, the three petals represent the peninsula and two islands that make up Macau; the five stars echo those on the flag of China
National symbol(s)
lotus blossom
National anthem
note:
as a Special Administrative Region of China, "Yiyonggjun Jinxingqu" is the official anthem (see China)
Data source 1: All Above textual data, maps and flags were extracted from The World Factbook which was prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency and made available on the following link: The World Factbook. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsered or affiliated, in any way, by the US Central Intelligence Agency
Data source 2: Plots and Charts are constructed using the world bank public data catalog which can be viewed by visiting the following link: World Bank Data Catalog. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsored or affiliated, in any way, by the worldbank

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