People and Society in Italy

Nationality
noun:
Italian(s)
adjective:
Italian
Ethnic groups
Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
Languages
Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Religions
Christian 80% (overwhelming Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehova Witnesses and Protestants), Muslims NEGL (about 700,000 but growing), Atheists and Agnostics 20%
Population
61,261,254 (July 2012 est.)
rank:
23
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Age structure
0-14 years:
13.8% (male 4,315,292/female 4,124,624)
15-64 years:
65.9% (male 19,888,901/female 20,330,495)
65 years and over:
20.3% (male 5,248,418/female 7,109,074) (2011 est.)
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Median age
total:
43.8 years
male:
42.7 years
female:
45 years (2012 est.)
Population growth rate
0.38% (2012 est.)
rank:
157
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Birth rate
9.06 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
rank:
207
Death rate
9.93 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
rank:
56
Net migration rate
4.67 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
rank:
22
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Urbanization
urban population:
68% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization:
0.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population
ROME (capital) 3.357 million; Milan 2.962 million; Naples 2.27 million; Turin 1.662 million; Palermo 872,000 (2009)
Sex ratio
at birth:
1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years:
1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years:
0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over:
0.74 male(s)/female
total population:
0.93 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
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Maternal mortality rate
4 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
rank:
180
Infant mortality rate
total:
3.36 deaths/1,000 live births
rank:
214
male:
3.56 deaths/1,000 live births
female:
3.14 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population:
81.86 years
rank:
10
male:
79.24 years
female:
84.63 years (2012 est.)
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Total fertility rate
1.4 children born/woman (2012 est.)
rank:
201
Health expenditures
5.1% of GDP (2009)
rank:
135
Physicians density
4.242 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density
3.7 beds/1,000 population (2008)
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HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.3% (2009 est.)
rank:
83
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
140,000 (2009 est.)
rank:
34
HIV/AIDS - deaths
fewer than 1,000 (2009 est.)
rank:
78
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
9.8% (2005)
rank:
56
Education expenditures
4.3% of GDP (2007)
rank:
90
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Literacy
definition:
age 15 and over can read and write
total population:
98.4%
male:
98.8%
female:
98% (2001 census)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total:
16 years
male:
16 years
female:
17 years (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:
25.4%
rank:
27
male:
23.3%
female:
28.7% (2009)
Data source 1: All Above textual data, maps and flags were extracted from The World Factbook which was prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency and made available on the following link: The World Factbook. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsered or affiliated, in any way, by the US Central Intelligence Agency
Data source 2: Plots and Charts are constructed using the world bank public data catalog which can be viewed by visiting the following link: World Bank Data Catalog. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsored or affiliated, in any way, by the worldbank

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