People and Society in India

Nationality
noun:
Indian(s)
adjective:
Indian
Ethnic groups
Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
Languages
Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%
English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 census)
Religions
Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)
Population
1,205,073,612 (July 2012 est.)
rank:
2
Get Chart Code
Get Chart Code
Get Chart Code
Get Chart Code
Age structure
0-14 years:
29.7% (male 187,450,635/female 165,415,758)
15-64 years:
64.9% (male 398,757,331/female 372,719,379)
65 years and over:
5.5% (male 30,831,190/female 33,998,613) (2011 est.)
Get Chart Code
Get Chart Code
Median age
total:
26.5 years
male:
25.9 years
female:
27.2 years (2012 est.)
Population growth rate
1.312% (2012 est.)
rank:
88
Get Chart Code
Get Chart Code
Birth rate
20.6 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
rank:
85
Death rate
7.43 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
rank:
116
Net migration rate
-0.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
rank:
116
Get Chart Code
Get Chart Code
Urbanization
urban population:
30% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization:
2.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population
NEW DELHI (capital) 21.72 million; Mumbai 19.695 million; Kolkata 15.294 million; Chennai 7.416 million; Bangalore 7.079 million (2009)
Sex ratio
at birth:
1.12 male(s)/female
under 15 years:
1.13 male(s)/female
15-64 years:
1.07 male(s)/female
65 years and over:
0.9 male(s)/female
total population:
1.08 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Get Chart Code
Get Chart Code
Maternal mortality rate
200 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
rank:
54
Infant mortality rate
total:
46.07 deaths/1,000 live births
rank:
50
male:
44.71 deaths/1,000 live births
female:
47.59 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population:
67.14 years
rank:
160
male:
66.08 years
female:
68.33 years (2012 est.)
Get Chart Code
Get Chart Code
Total fertility rate
2.58 children born/woman (2012 est.)
rank:
80
Health expenditures
2.4% of GDP (2009)
rank:
185
Physicians density
0.599 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
Hospital bed density
0.9 beds/1,000 population (2005)
Get Chart Code
Get Chart Code
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.3% (2009 est.)
rank:
84
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
2.4 million (2009 est.)
rank:
3
HIV/AIDS - deaths
170,000 (2009 est.)
rank:
3
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk:
high
food or waterborne diseases:
bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases:
chikungunya, dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
animal contact disease:
rabies
water contact disease:
leptospirosis
highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
43.5% (2006)
rank:
1
Education expenditures
3.1% of GDP (2006)
rank:
129
Get Chart Code
Get Chart Code
Literacy
definition:
age 15 and over can read and write
total population:
61%
male:
73.4%
female:
47.8% (2001 census)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total:
10 years
male:
11 years
female:
10 years (2007)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:
10.5%
rank:
100
male:
10.4%
female:
10.8% (2004)
Data source 1: All Above textual data, maps and flags were extracted from The World Factbook which was prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency and made available on the following link: The World Factbook. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsered or affiliated, in any way, by the US Central Intelligence Agency
Data source 2: Plots and Charts are constructed using the world bank public data catalog which can be viewed by visiting the following link: World Bank Data Catalog. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsored or affiliated, in any way, by the worldbank

Comments are closed.