Geographic and Governmental Profile of Isle of Man

Background
Part of the Norwegian Kingdom of the Hebrides until the 13th century when it was ceded to Scotland, the isle came under the British crown in 1765. Current concerns include reviving the almost extinct Manx Gaelic language. Isle of Man is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the European Union. However, the UK Government remains constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.
Location
Western Europe, island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland
Geographic coordinates
54 15 N, 4 30 W
Continent / Subcontinent
Europe
Area
total:
572 sq km
rank:
194
land:
572 sq km
water:
0 sq km
Area - comparative
slightly more than three times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
0 km
Coastline
160 km
Maritime claims
territorial sea:
12 nm
exclusive fishing zone:
12 nm
Climate
temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about a third of the time
Terrain
hills in north and south bisected by central valley
Elevation extremes
lowest point:
Irish Sea 0 m
highest point:
Snaefell 621 m
Natural resources
none
Land use
arable land:
10%
permanent crops:
0%
other:
90% (permanent pastures, forests, mountain, and heathland) (2002)
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Irrigated land
0 sq km
Natural hazards
NA
Environment - current issues
waste disposal (both household and industrial); transboundary air pollution
Geography - note
one small islet, the Calf of Man, lies to the southwest and is a bird sanctuary
Country name
conventional long form:
none
conventional short form:
Isle of Man
abbreviation:
I.O.M.
Dependency status
British crown dependency
Government type
parliamentary democracy
Capital
name:
Douglas
geographic coordinates:
54 09 N, 4 29 W
time difference:
UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time:
+1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisions
none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 24 local authorities each with its own elections
Independence
none (British crown dependency)
Constitution
unwritten; note - The Isle of Man Constitution Act of 1961 does not embody the unwritten Manx Constitution
Legal system
the laws of the UK where applicable apply and include Manx statutes
Suffrage
16 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state:
Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Adam WOOD (since 7 April 2011)
head of government:
Chief Minister Allan BELL (since 11 October 2011)
cabinet:
Council of Ministers
elections:
the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch; the chief minister elected by the Tynwald for a five-year term; election last held on 11 October 2011 (next to be held in December 2016)
election results:
House of Keys speaker Allan BELL elected chief minister by the Tynwald with 27 votes out of 30
Legislative branch
bicameral Tynwald consists of the Legislative Council (11 seats; members composed of the President of Tynwald, the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man, a nonvoting attorney general, and 8 others named by the House of Keys) and the House of Keys (24 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections:
House of Keys - last held on 29 September 2011 (next to be held in September 2016)
election results:
House of Keys - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Liberal Vannin Party 3, independents 21
Judicial branch
High Court of Justice (justices are appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor)
Political parties and leaders
Alliance for Progressive Government; Liberal Vannin Party [Peter KARRAN]; Manx Labor Party; Manx Nationalist Party (Mec Vannin) [Bernard MOFFATT]
most members sit as independents
Political pressure groups and leaders
Alliance for Progressive Government or APG (a government watchdog); Mec Vannin (political party advocating a sovereign state and environment policies); note - has only had one member elected to the Tynwald
International organization participation
UPU
Diplomatic representation in the US
none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation from the US
none (British crown dependency)
Flag description
red with the Three Legs of Man emblem (triskelion), in the center; the three legs are joined at the thigh and bent at the knee; in order to have the toes pointing clockwise on both sides of the flag, a two-sided emblem is used; the flag is based on the coat-of-arms of the last recognized Norse King of Mann, Magnus III (r. 1252-1265); the triskelion has its roots in an early Celtic sun symbol
National symbol(s)
triskelion (a motif of three legs)
National anthem
name:
"Arrane Ashoonagh dy Vannin" (O Land of Our Birth)
lyrics/music:
William Henry GILL [English], John J. KNEEN [Manx]/traditional
adopted 2003, in use since 1907; serves as a local anthem; as a British crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom) and is played when the sovereign, members of the royal family, or the lieutenant governor are present
Data source 1: All Above textual data, maps and flags were extracted from The World Factbook which was prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency and made available on the following link: The World Factbook. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsered or affiliated, in any way, by the US Central Intelligence Agency
Data source 2: Plots and Charts are constructed using the world bank public data catalog which can be viewed by visiting the following link: World Bank Data Catalog. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsored or affiliated, in any way, by the worldbank

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