Geographic and Governmental Profile of Federated States of Micronesia

Background
In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.
Location
Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia
Geographic coordinates
6 55 N, 158 15 E
Continent / Subcontinent
Oceania
Area
total:
702 sq km
rank:
191
land:
702 sq km
water:
0 sq km (fresh water only)
includes Pohnpei (Ponape), Chuuk (Truk) Islands, Yap Islands, and Kosrae (Kosaie)
Area - comparative
four times the size of Washington, DC (land area only)
Land boundaries
0 km
Coastline
6,112 km
Maritime claims
territorial sea:
12 nm
exclusive economic zone:
200 nm
Climate
tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage
Terrain
islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk
Elevation extremes
lowest point:
Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point:
Dolohmwar (Totolom) 791 m
Natural resources
timber, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate
Land use
arable land:
5.71%
permanent crops:
45.71%
other:
48.58% (2005)
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Irrigated land
NA
Natural hazards
typhoons (June to December)
Environment - current issues
overfishing, climate change, pollution
Environment - international agreements
party to:
Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
four major island groups totaling 607 islands
Country name
conventional long form:
Federated States of Micronesia
conventional short form:
none
local long form:
Federated States of Micronesia
local short form:
none
former:
Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts
abbreviation:
FSM
Government type
constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force on 3 November 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force in May 2004
Capital
name:
Palikir
geographic coordinates:
6 55 N, 158 09 E
time difference:
UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions
4 states; Chuuk (Truk), Kosrae (Kosaie), Pohnpei (Ponape), Yap
Independence
3 November 1986 (from the US-administered UN trusteeship)
Constitution
10 May 1979
Legal system
mixed legal system of common and customary law
International law organization participation
has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
Suffrage
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
chief of state:
President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
head of government:
President Emanuel MORI (since 11 May 2007); Vice President Alik L. ALIK (since 11 May 2007)
cabinet:
Cabinet includes the vice president and the heads of the 8 executive departments
elections:
president and vice president elected by Congress from among the four senators at large for a four-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 11 May 2011 (next to be held in May 2015); note - a proposed constitutional amendment to establish popular elections for president and vice president failed
election results:
Emanuel MORI reelected president by Congress unopposed; Alik L. ALIK reelected vice president
Legislative branch
unicameral Congress (14 seats; 4 - one elected from each state to serve four-year terms and 10 - elected from single-member districts delineated by population to serve two-year terms; members elected by popular vote)
elections:
last held on 8 March 2011 (next to be held in March 2013)
election results:
percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 14
Judicial branch
Supreme Court
Political parties and leaders
no formal parties
Political pressure groups and leaders
NA
International organization participation
ACP, ADB, AOSIS, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IOC, IPU, ITSO, ITU, MIGA, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO, WMO
Diplomatic representation in the US
chief of mission:
Ambassador Asterio R. TAKESY
chancery:
1725 N Street NW, Washington, DC 20036
telephone:
[1] (202) 223-4383
FAX:
[1] (202) 223-4391
consulate(s) general:
Honolulu, Tamuning (Guam)
Diplomatic representation from the US
chief of mission:
Ambassador Peter A. PRAHAR
embassy:
101 Upper Pics Road, Kolonia
mailing address:
P. O. Box 1286, Kolonia, Pohnpei, 96941
telephone:
[691] 320-2187
FAX:
[691] 320-2186
Flag description
light blue with four white five-pointed stars centered; the stars are arranged in a diamond pattern; blue symbolizes the Pacific Ocean, the stars represent the four island groups of Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap
National anthem
name:
"Patriots of Micronesia"
lyrics/music:
unknown
adopted 1991; the anthem is also known as "Across All Micronesia;" the music is based on the 1820 German patriotic song "Ich hab mich ergeben," which was the West German national anthem from 1949-1950; variants of this tune are used in Johannes Brahms' "Festival Overture" and Gustav Mahler's "Third Symphony"
Data source 1: All Above textual data, maps and flags were extracted from The World Factbook which was prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency and made available on the following link: The World Factbook. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsered or affiliated, in any way, by the US Central Intelligence Agency
Data source 2: Plots and Charts are constructed using the world bank public data catalog which can be viewed by visiting the following link: World Bank Data Catalog. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsored or affiliated, in any way, by the worldbank

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