Communications & Transportation in Brazil

Telephones - main lines in use
43.026 million (2011)
rank:
4
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Telephones - mobile cellular
242.232 million (2011)
rank:
4
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Telephone system
general assessment:
good working system including an extensive microwave radio relay system and a domestic satellite system with 64 earth stations
domestic:
fixed-line connections have remained relatively stable in recent years and stand at about 20 per 100 persons; less expensive mobile-cellular technology has been a major driver in expanding telephone service to the lower-income segments of the population with mobile-cellular teledensity roughly 120 per 100 persons
international:
country code - 55; landing point for a number of submarine cables, including Americas-1, Americas-2, Atlantis-2, GlobeNet, South America-1, South American Crossing/Latin American Nautilus, and UNISUR that provide direct connectivity to South and Central America, the Caribbean, the US, Africa, and Europe; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean), 1 Inmarsat (Atlantic Ocean region east), connected by microwave relay system to Mercosur Brazilsat B3 satellite earth station (2011)
Broadcast media
state-run Radiobras operates a radio and a TV network; more than 1,000 radio stations and more than 100 TV channels operating - mostly privately owned; private media ownership highly concentrated (2007)
Internet country code
.br
Internet hosts
23.79 million (2010)
rank:
4
Internet users
75.982 million (2009)
rank:
4
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Airports
4,105 (2012)
rank:
2
Airports - with paved runways
total:
713
over 3,047 m:
7
2,438 to 3,047 m:
28
1,524 to 2,437 m:
174
914 to 1,523 m:
449
under 914 m:
55 (2012)
Airports - with unpaved runways
total:
3,392
1,524 to 2,437 m:
91
914 to 1,523 m:
1,648
under 914 m:
1,653 (2012)
Heliports
13 (2012)
Pipelines
condensate/gas 62 km; gas 13,514 km; liquid petroleum gas 352 km; oil 3,729 km; refined products 4,684 km (2010)
Railways
total:
28,538 km
rank:
10
broad gauge:
5,627 km 1.600-m gauge (467 km electrified)
standard gauge:
194 km 1.440-m gauge
narrow gauge:
22,717 km 1.000-m gauge (2008)
Roadways
total:
1,751,868 km
rank:
4
paved:
96,353 km
unpaved:
1,655,515 km (2004)
Waterways
50,000 km (most in areas remote from industry and population) (2012)
rank:
3
Merchant marine
total:
109
rank:
50
by type:
bulk carrier 18, cargo 16, chemical tanker 7, container 13, liquefied gas 11, petroleum tanker 39, roll on/roll off 5
foreign-owned:
27 (Chile 1, Denmark 3, Germany 6, Greece 1, Norway 3, Spain 12, Turkey 1)
registered in other countries:
36 (Argentina 1, Bahamas 1, Ghana 1, Liberia 20, Marshall Islands 1, Panama 3, Singapore 9) (2010)
Ports and terminals
cargo ports (tonnage):
Ilha Grande (Gebig), Paranagua, Rio Grande, Santos, Sao Sebastiao, Tubarao
container ports (TEUs):
Santos (2,677,839), Itajai (693,580)
oil terminals:
DTSE/Gegua oil terminal, Guaiba Island terminal, Guamare oil terminal
Transportation - note
the International Maritime Bureau reports that the territorial and offshore waters in the Atlantic Ocean remain a significant risk for piracy and armed robbery against ships; 2010 saw an 80% increase in attacks over 2009; numerous commercial vessels were attacked and hijacked both at anchor and while underway; crews were robbed and stores or cargoes stolen
Data source 1: All Above textual data, maps and flags were extracted from The World Factbook which was prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency and made available on the following link: The World Factbook. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsered or affiliated, in any way, by the US Central Intelligence Agency
Data source 2: Plots and Charts are constructed using the world bank public data catalog which can be viewed by visiting the following link: World Bank Data Catalog. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsored or affiliated, in any way, by the worldbank

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