People and Society in Australia

Nationality
noun:
Australian(s)
adjective:
Australian
Ethnic groups
white 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%
Languages
English 78.5%, Chinese 2.5%, Italian 1.6%, Greek 1.3%, Arabic 1.2%, Vietnamese 1%, other 8.2%, unspecified 5.7% (2006 Census)
Religions
Protestant 27.4% (Anglican 18.7%, Uniting Church 5.7%, Presbyterian and Reformed 3%), Catholic 25.8%, Eastern Orthodox 2.7%, other Christian 7.9%, Buddhist 2.1%, Muslim 1.7%, other 2.4%, unspecified 11.3%, none 18.7% (2006 Census)
Population
22,015,576 (July 2012 est.)
rank:
53
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Age structure
0-14 years:
18.3% (male 2,040,848/female 1,937,544)
15-64 years:
67.7% (male 7,469,092/female 7,266,143)
65 years and over:
14% (male 1,398,576/female 1,654,508) (2011 est.)
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Median age
total:
37.9 years
male:
37.1 years
female:
38.6 years (2012 est.)
Population growth rate
1.126% (2012 est.)
rank:
106
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Birth rate
12.28 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
rank:
159
Death rate
6.94 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
rank:
135
Net migration rate
5.93 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
rank:
17
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Urbanization
urban population:
89% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanization:
1.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population
Sydney 4.429 million; Melbourne 3.853 million; Brisbane 1.97 million; Perth 1.599 million; CANBERRA (capital) 384,000 (2009)
Sex ratio
at birth:
1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years:
1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years:
1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over:
0.85 male(s)/female
total population:
1 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
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Maternal mortality rate
7 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
rank:
166
Infant mortality rate
total:
4.55 deaths/1,000 live births
rank:
189
male:
4.87 deaths/1,000 live births
female:
4.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population:
81.9 years
rank:
9
male:
79.48 years
female:
84.45 years (2012 est.)
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Total fertility rate
1.77 children born/woman (2012 est.)
rank:
161
Health expenditures
8.5% of GDP (2009)
rank:
45
Physicians density
2.991 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density
3.82 beds/1,000 population (2009)
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HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.1% (2009 est.)
rank:
110
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
20,000 (2009 est.)
rank:
77
HIV/AIDS - deaths
fewer than 100 (2009 est.)
rank:
152
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
16.4% (2005)
rank:
27
Education expenditures
4.5% of GDP (2007)
rank:
80
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Literacy
definition:
age 15 and over can read and write
total population:
99%
male:
99%
female:
99% (2003 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total:
21 years
male:
20 years
female:
21 years (2008)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total:
11.6%
rank:
93
male:
12.6%
female:
10.4% (2009)
Data source 1: All Above textual data, maps and flags were extracted from The World Factbook which was prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency and made available on the following link: The World Factbook. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsered or affiliated, in any way, by the US Central Intelligence Agency
Data source 2: Plots and Charts are constructed using the world bank public data catalog which can be viewed by visiting the following link: World Bank Data Catalog. Lebanese Economy Forum is not sponsored or affiliated, in any way, by the worldbank

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